Signs, Withdrawal Symptoms & Treatment Options
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An Introduction to Benzodiazepines
What Exactly are Benzos?
Benzodiazepines are some of the most addictive drugs on the market. These drugs are often prescribed by physicians to help alleviate symptoms of depression, however, these types of drugs are also used to treat a variety of medical conditions and symptoms which can all be alleviated by the physician adjusting the dosages based on the severity of the disorder. Some of the conditions these types of drugs are used for include but are not limited to anxiety nausea, vomiting, and convulsions. Amitriptyline is often used by urology physicians for its muscle relaxant properties to alleviate the symptoms associated with conditions like Interstitial cystitis and urine retention. Other benzodiazepines commonly prescribed by doctors include Chlordiazepoxide, Lorazepam, Xanax and Valium. The drug Rohypnol has been featured in a number of high-profile sexual abuse cases in recent years, as it is known as the date rape drug.
Benzos are designated as class IV drugs and are classified as central nervous system depressants. These types of drugs increase the level of a type of neurotransmitter in the brain, aminobutyric acid (GABA) which acts as the body’s natural tranquilizer. This chemical promotes a state of calmness by reducing anxiety levels and tapering down the fight-or-flight reaction. When benzos are introduced into the body, they enhance the effects of GABA and decrease elements of the central nervous system which includes slowing down respiratory rates, lowering blood pressure, reducing the temperature of the body and slowing down the rate of the heart. This is what makes the abuse and misuse of benzos so dangerous, as cardiac events like heart attacks and cardiac arrest can occur as well as diminished circulatory functions heightening the risks of stroke, decreased lung capacity, DVT’s and pulmonary embolisms.
There are over 115 deaths as a result of opioid addiction in America each day, however, it is also important to note the increasing number of people using benzodiazepine since 1996. The numbers of benzodiazepine prescriptions filled between 1996 and 2013 increased from 8.1 million to 13.5 million. This demonstrates an increase of 67%. The number of pills distributed also increased in number from 1.1 kg to 3.6 kg per 100,000 adult persons. Many people who are addicted to opioids will also use benzos, which poses an extreme risk to those who choose to do so. These drugs impair cognitive functions because both suppress the ability to breathe and both drugs have sedative effects. The number of people who overdosed on opioids tested positive for benzodiazepine increased in 2015 by 23%.
Signs & Symptoms of Benzo Abuse
How to Tell If Someone is Addicted to Benzos
Benzos are just as addictive as opioids. One of the reasons that can be contributed to the growing rates of benzodiazepine addiction is the feeling of euphoria and reward these types of drugs give the people who use them. Once addiction becomes an issue it is difficult for the person who has become addicted to function without the use of their preferred drug. The symptoms associated with benzo use can vary in severity based on several factors. One of those factors is the amount of the drug taken. Another one of those factors or variables depends on whether or not the benzo was taken with alcohol or combined with an opioid or some other type of drug. When benzos are taken in low to moderate dosages they can impair motor coordination, cause drowsiness, fatigue, impaired thinking ability, and memory challenges. In addition, people who misuse benzos at low levels also appear confused and depressed. Low dosages benzodiazepines can also alter vision, cause stuttering and the slurring of speech, vertigo, depression of the respiratory system, tremors, constipation, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and dry mouth.
When benzos are taken at higher dosages they can cause extreme lethargy, fatigue, and drowsiness. People who are addicted to benzos may have mood swings, abnormal feelings of euphoria, display hostile or erratic behaviors and have diminished or the slowing down of their reflexes. Because the body expels some benzos at a slow rate people who ingest several doses over a long time, the body will actually accumulate the drug in its fatty tissues. When this happens the symptoms of overdose or oversedation may not be noticeable for several days. Some of the symptoms of over-sedation include disorientation, lack of coordination, muscle weakness, slurred speech, impaired thinking, memory loss, impaired judgment, and confusion.
Why is Do I Need Detox to Manage Withdrawal from Benzodiazepines?
How Our Men’s Benzo Rehab in Orange County Can Help
The first thing that people need to realize when they are addicted to alcohol or they are dealing with Xanax abuse or Valium abuse, they are an addict. When it comes to the treatment of alcohol and drugs people need to accept that there is no one and done solution as every day is the opportunity to make choices about the type of life they want to live and whether or not they want to remain drug-free.
Some people choose outpatient facilities to help them along their process of healing. Others choose inpatient facilities where are they have access to people who can help them through their process 24 hours a day. Facilities like Odyssey Recovery offer several treatment options for drug abuse and alcohol abuse. They also provide support once clients leave their facility through sober living therapy programs and counseling.
Most Commonly Abused Drugs
Explore More About How Each Drug’s Effects & Symptoms
Treatment Options for Benzo Addiction
Which Type of Treatment is Best for Benzodiazepines
The first thing that people need to realize when they are addicted to alcohol or they are dealing with Xanax abuse or Valium abuse, they are an addict. When it comes to the treatment of alcohol and drugs people need to accept that there is no one and done solution as every day is the opportunity to make choices about the type of life they want to live and whether or not they want to remain drug-free. Some people choose outpatient facilities to help them along their process of healing. Others choose in-patient facilities where are they have access to people who can help them through their process 24 hours a day. Facilities like Odyssey Recovery offer several treatment options for drug abuse and alcohol abuse. They also provide support once clients leave their facility through sober living therapy programs and counseling.
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Our Men’s Alcohol Rehab in Orange County
If you or someone you love is dealing with addiction just be aware that you don’t have to go through it alone. Here at Odyssey Recovery, we are dedicated to helping people men with their addictions and providing them with all of the help they need during their recovery process. We understand that no two addictions are the same, which is why we develop our treatment plans based on the needs of our clients. Call us today to learn more about how we can help you find recovery from benzos for good.
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